Collection of 360° Video Rigs

360-video-rig-collection

360° video is growing by leaps and bounds. There is no doubt about it.

And it’s fascinating to see all the different approaches to capturing 360° video. So I surveyed the current 360° video rigs being offered and then organized every serious option into this epic listing. The results are telling…

If you’re new to 360 video, then you have much to wrap your mind around. I suggest checking out my blog post: 360 Video Fundamentals. Or to gain a comprehensive understanding check out the Making360 open source book.

CATEGORIES
Comparison of 360° Video Rig Categories
360° Map Projection
360° Video Rigs: Multi Camera
360° Video Rigs: Single Camera Body
360° Video Rigs: Stereoscopic
360° Video Rigs: Stereoscopic / Single Camera Body
360° Video Rigs: Scuba
360° Video Rigs: Scuba Stereoscopic
360° Video Rigs: Invisible Drone
360° Video Rigs: First-Person POV
Partial 360° Video Rigs
Cylindrical Video Rigs
Cylindrical Video Rigs: Stereoscopic
Cylindrical Video Rigs: Parabolic Mirror
360° Light Field Rigs
360° Photography Rigs
Fisheye Video Rigs
Fisheye Video Rigs: Stereoscopic
360° Video Rigs: Less than 30fps
360° Video Rigs: Wild and Unique
360° Video Rigs: DIY 3D Printing
Unsuccessful Kickstarter Projects
History of 360° Film

Updated on July 20, 2016


Comparison of 360° Video Rig Categories

There are many different types of 360° video rigs, but not all of them capture the full 360×180° field of view (FOV). And so I’ve placed each rig into a specific category. Sometimes you don’t need to capture absolutely everything. It all depends on how you’re going to use the footage.

For instance, if you’re using a tripod then perhaps you could ignore that footage zone (partial 360°). Maybe the main focus is happening along the horizon, then you might not need to capture the sky and immediate ground (cylindrical). Or maybe you just need to capture the events happening directly in front of you (fisheye). Or maybe you want the big challenge, capturing 3D depth (stereoscopic).

Below I’ve outlined the typical FOV coverage of each rig category: 360°, partial 360°, cylindrical, and fisheye. But these are just averaged examples of each category, sometimes there are outliers which have much higher or lower FOV.

comparison-of-360-video-rig-categories-20151118
Source Image by Andrey Salnikov: “Climbing Volcano Teide”


360° Map Projection

Equirectangular, LatLong, Spherical, 360°… All of these terms refer to the same exact format: the Equidistant Cylindrical Projection. It is currently the most widely used format for stitched 360° video.

So how does it work? This is a precise geometric method for converting a sphere into a flat image with a 2:1 ratio. So this format can be seamlessly wrapped onto a sphere and back again.

360×180° is the standard for expressing a complete spherical capture. But why not 360×360°? Because we are measuring an arc for the latitude, not a complete circle.

360x180_explanation


360° Video Rigs: Multi Camera

These multi camera rigs capture monoscopic 360° video. A majority of producers are currently shooting with these type of rigs.

GoPro: Omni
— full coverage: 360×180°, 6 GoPro cameras
— genlocked
GoPro-Omni

360 Designs: Mini EYE 4
— full coverage: 360×180°, 4 Blackmagic Micro Cinema cameras or Blackmagic Micro Studio cameras (with fisheye lens)
— can be genlocked
360-Designs_Mini-EYE-4

360 Designs: Mini EYE 3
— full coverage: 360×180°, 3 Blackmagic Micro Cinema cameras or Blackmagic Micro Studio cameras (with fisheye lens)
— can be genlocked
360-Designs_Mini-EYE-3

Freedom360: Freedom360 Mount
— full coverage: 360×180°, 6 GoPro cameras
Freedom360-Freedom360-Mount

Freedom360: F360 Explorer
— full coverage: 360×180°, 6 GoPro cameras
— all weather
Freedom360-F360-Explorer

360Heros: PRO6
— full coverage: 360×180°, 6 GoPro cameras
360Heros-Pro6

360Heros: 360H6
— full coverage: 360×180°, 6 GoPro cameras
— all weather
360heros-360h6-rig

360Heros: PRO7
— full coverage: 360×180°, 7 GoPro cameras
360Heros-Pro7

360Heros: PRO10HD
— full coverage:  360×180°, 10 GoPro cameras
360Heros-H3Pro10HD

Freedom360 Broadcaster 3x
— full coverage: 360×180°, 3 GoPro cameras with custom fisheye lens
freedom360-broadcaster-3x

iZugar: Z2X
— full coverage: 360×180°, 2 GoPro cameras with custom 194° fisheye lens
iZugar-Z2X

iZugar: Z3X
— full coverage: 360×180°, 3 GoPro cameras with custom 185° fisheye lens
iZugar-Z3X

iZugar: Z4X
— full coverage: 360×180°, 4 GoPro cameras with custom 185° fisheye lens
iZugar-Z4X

Mooovrig
— full coverage: 360×180°, 5 Canon mirrorless cameras with 180° Samyang fisheye lens
Mooovrig

Kodak: PIXPRO SP360 4k – Dual Pro Pack
— full coverage: 360×180°, 2 PIXPRO SP360 4k cameras
Kodak-PIXPRO-SP360-4k-Dual-Pro-Pack

Elmo: QBiC Panorama
— full coverage: 360×180°, 4 Elmo QBiC MS-1 cameras
— all weather
Elmo-QBiC-Panorama

Freedom360: Elmo360
— full coverage: 360×180°, 4 Elmo QBiC MS-1 cameras
— all weather
Freedom360-Elmo360


360° Video Rigs: Single Camera Body

These cameras capture monoscopic 360° video through the use of a single camera body with multiple sensors/lenses. Since it behaves as a single unit there are less problems that can arise. But they cannot currently obtain the same high resolution as a multi camera rig.

Sphericam 2
— full coverage: 360×180°, single camera body with 6 sensors
— global shutter, genlocked?
Sphericam-2

Bublcam
— full coverage: 360×180°, single camera body with 4 sensors (190° fisheye lens)
Bublcam-Rig

Nikon KeyMission 360
— full coverage: 360×180°, single camera body with 2 sensors (fisheye lens)
— can go underwater up to 30m or 100ft
Nikon-KeyMission360

Ricoh: Theta S
— full coverage: 360×180°, single camera body with 2 sensors (190° fisheye lens)
Ricoh-Theta-S

LG 360 Cam
— full coverage: 360×180°, single camera body with 2 sensors (200° fisheye lens)
LG-360-Cam

Samsung Gear 360
— full coverage: 360×180°, single camera body with 2 sensors (195° fisheye lens)
— can go underwater up to 40m or 131ft (with case accessory)
Samsung-Gear-360

Luna
— full coverage: 360×180°, single camera body with 2 sensors (190° fisheye lens)
Luna-360-camera

Insta360 4k
— full coverage: 360×180°, single camera body with 2 sensors (230° fisheye lens)
Insta360-4k

Orah: 4i
— full coverage: 360×180°, single camera body with 4 sensors
— genlocked?
Orah-4i

GO6D: Trie
— full coverage: 360×180°, single camera body with 3 sensors
GO6D-Trie

Indiecam nakedEYE
— full coverage: 360×180°, single camera body with 2 sensors (fisheye lens)
Indiecam-nakedEYE

Insta360 Nano
— full coverage: 360×180°, iPhone attachment with 2 sensors (210° fisheye lens)
Insta360-Nano-iPhone-attachment


360° Video Rigs: Stereoscopic

Stereoscopic rigs allow for 360° video to be captured for both your left and right eyes, so a true sense of depth can be achieved in VR. 360-3D is the ultimate dream, but there are many challenges that make it difficult to shoot in 360-3D and not give the viewer a very frustrating experience. (Example problems include: parallax error differences between eyes, exposure differences between eyes, genlocking cameras, getting complete stereo coverage without ignoring the poles, and such big headaches.) The terms stereoscopic, 3D, and S-3D can be used interchangeably.

Facebook: Surround 360
— full coverage: 360×180°, 17 Point Grey cameras (1 fisheye lens on top and 2 on bottom)
— global shutter, genlocked
open source stitching software to be released Summer 2016
Facebook-Surround-360

360Heros: 3DPRO12
— full coverage: 360×180°, 12 GoPro cameras
360Heros-3DH3Pro12

360Heros: 3DPRO12H
— full coverage: 360×180°, 12 GoPro cameras
360Heros-3DH3Pro12H

360Heros: 3DPRO14H
— full coverage: 360×180°, 14 GoPro cameras
360Heros-3DH3Pro14H

iZugar: Z6X3D
— full coverage: 360×180°, 6 GoPro cameras with custom 194° fisheye lens
iZugar-Z6X3D

NextVR: Digital Cinema Camera
— coverage: exact FOV unknown, 6 EPIC-M RED Dragon cameras
— global shutter, can be genlocked
NextVR-Digital-Cinema-Camera

HypeVR
— coverage: exact FOV unknown, 14 EPIC-M RED Dragon cameras
— collects LiDAR data with the Velodyne HDL-32E
— global shutter, can be genlocked
HypeVR-Rig

Radiant Images: Codex ActionCam VR 360 Blossom
— full coverage: 360×180°, 17 Codex ActionCam cameras
— global shutter, genlocked?
Radiant-Images-Codex-ActionCam-VR-360-Blossom

360 Designs: EYE
— full coverage: 360×180°, 8 to 42 cameras depending on configuration: Blackmagic Design Micro Cinema Camera (self-contained) or Blackmagic Design Micro Studio Camera 4k (wired operation)
— can be genlocked
360-Designs-EYE

WeMakeVR: Falcon VR Camera
— full coverage: 360×180°, single camera body with 14 sensors
WeMakeVR-Falcon-VR-Camera

Panocam3D: POD
— full coverage: 360×180°, single camera body with 18 sensors
Panocam-HMC


360° Video Rigs: Stereoscopic / Single Camera Body

These cameras capture stereoscopic 360° video through the use of a single camera body with multiple sensors/lenses. Since it behaves as a single unit there are less problems that can arise. Stereoscopic rigs allow for 360° video to be captured for both your left and right eyes, so a true sense of depth can be achieved in VR. 360-3D is the ultimate dream, but there are many challenges that make it difficult to shoot in 360-3D and not give the viewer a very frustrating experience. (Example problems include: parallax error differences between eyes, exposure differences between eyes, genlocking cameras, getting complete stereo coverage without ignoring the poles, and such big headaches.) The terms stereoscopic, 3D, and S-3D can be used interchangeably.

Jaunt: ONE – 24G & 24R
— full coverage: 360×180°, single camera body with 24 sensors
— 24G: global shutter, 24R: rolling shutter, genlocked
Jaunt-ONE

Nokia: OZO
— full coverage: 360×180°, single camera body with 8 sensors (195° fisheye lens)
— global shutter, genlocked?
Nokia-OZO

Vuze
— full coverage: 360×180°, single camera body with 8 sensors
vuze-3d-360-camera

Samsung: Project Beyond
— full coverage: 360×180°, single camera body with 17 sensors
Samsung-Project-Beyond


360° Video Rigs: Scuba

To take a 360° video rig underwater, you can’t simply put it within a glass box… The lens optics would be affected by the refraction of the water. So these rigs have built-in compensation and allow you to capture 360° without any problems.

360Heros: 360Abyss
— full coverage: 360×180°, 6 GoPro cameras
— can go underwater up to 1000m or 3280ft, negative/positive/neutral buoyancy (anodized or poly carbonate versions)
overview of the v4 redesign
360Heros-360Abyss

Kolor: Abyss
— full coverage: 360×180°, 6 GoPro cameras
— can go underwater up to 150m or 492ft, (anodized aluminum alloy)
Kolor-Abyss-Rig

360Heros: H3ScubaH6
— full coverage: 360×180°, 6 GoPro cameras
— can go underwater up to of 61m or 200ft
360Heros-H3ScubaH6


360° Video Rigs: Scuba Stereoscopic

Taking a 360° video rig underwater is a serious endeavor. And shooting in stereoscopic makes it even more difficult.

Vrtul: AquaTerra
— full coverage: 360×180°, 30 GoPro cameras
— can go underwater up to of 40m or 131ft, neutral buoyancy
Vrtul-AquaTerra-Rig-Gen1


360° Video Rigs: Invisible Drone

Attaching a 360° video rig to a drone is easy. But allowing the drone itself to be hidden within the shot is a special trick.

3DR Solo Drone Quadcopter: 360 Mount for the Kodak PIXPRO SP360 4k
— full coverage: 360×180°, 2 PIXPRO SP360 4k cameras
3DR-Solo-Drone-Quadcopter-and-360-Mount-for-the-Kodak-PIXPRO-SP360-4k

Drone Volt: Drone Janus 360
— full coverage: 360×180°, 10 GoPro cameras
DroneVolt_Drone-Janus-360

360Heros: 360 Orb
— full coverage: 360×180°, 12 GoPro cameras
360Heros-360Orb

Spherie
— full coverage: 360×180°, 6 GoPro cameras
Spherie-Drone

Queen B Robotics: Exo360
— full coverage: 360×180°, single camera body with 5 sensors (210° fisheye lens)
Queen-B-Robotics-Exo360


360° Video Rigs: First-Person POV

To tell the story from a first-person point of view, you have to be within their head. These rigs allow you to see though the actors eyes and capture their body movements too.

Radiant Images: Mobius POV VR 360
— full coverage: 360×180°, 17 GoPro cameras
Radiant-Images-Mobius-POV-VR-360

Panocam3D: HMC
— full coverage: 360×180°, single camera body with 24 sensors
— stereoscopic
Panocam3D-HMC


Partial 360° Video Rigs

These rigs are definitely thought of as 360° video because they capture the entire sky and horizon, but the ground isn’t captured (often the tripod).

Freedom360: F360 Broadcaster
— partial coverage: 360×140°, 6 GoPro cameras
Freedom360-F360-Broadcaster

360Heros: PRO6L
— partial coverage: 360×120°, 6 GoPro cameras
360Heros-H3Pro6N

Totavision: Fulldome Camera
— partial coverage: 360×110°, 11 Toshiba IK-HD1 cameras
— cameras are placed around a virtual center. This arrangement allows parallax-free image stitching of distances larger than ~3 meters.
Totavision-Fulldome-Camera

Sphericam 1
— partial coverage: 360×138°, single camera body with 4 sensors (170° fisheye lens)
Sphericam-1

Immersive Media: Hex
— partial coverage: 360×144°, single camera body with 6 sensors
— 15fps at full resolution / 25fps at half resolution
Immersive-Media-Hex

Giroptic 360 Cam
— partial coverage: 360×150°, single camera body with 3 sensors (185° fisheye lens)
Giroptic-360-Cam

PanoptikonVR
— coverage: exact FOV unknown, 14 GoPro cameras
— stereoscopic
PanoptikonVR


Cylindrical Video Rigs

These rigs only capture the horizon. So the sky and the ground are not captured. (But there are some tricks to fill in these empty areas, such as heavily blurring some of footage and stretching into this zone. Or taking a still photo prior to the shoot and patching it in later.)

360Heros: H3Pro7HD
— partial coverage: 360×120°, 7 GoPro cameras
360Heros-H3Pro7HD

Immersive Media: Quattro
— partial coverage: exact FOV unknown, single camera body with 4 sensors
— 15fps max
Immersive-Media-Quattro

Fraunhofer HHI: OmniCam-360
— partial coverage: 360×60°, 10 Micro HD cameras
— global shutter, genlocked?
— cameras are placed around a virtual center. This arrangement allows parallax-free image stitching of distances larger than 1 meter.
Fraunhofer-HHI-OmniCam360

Totavision: Cylindrical Camera
— partial coverage: 360×37°, 8 Toshiba IK-HD1 cameras
— cameras are placed around a virtual center. This arrangement allows parallax-free image stitching of distances larger than ~3 meters.
Totavision-Cylindrical-CameraPalace of Versailles footage / making-of


Cylindrical Video Rigs: Stereoscopic

These rigs only capture the horizon in stereo. So the sky and the ground are not captured. This approach makes dealing with stereo challenges much easier to swallow.

GoPro: Odyssey / Google Jump
— partial coverage: 360×120°, 16 GoPro cameras
— genlocked
— custom stitching service in the Google cloud: The Assembler
GoPro-Odyssey_Google-Jump

Fraunhofer HHI: 3D OmniCam-360
— partial coverage: 360×60°, 20 Micro HD cameras
— global shutter, genlocked?
— cameras are placed around a virtual center. This arrangement allows parallax-free image stitching of distances larger than 2 meters.
Fraunhofer-HHI-3D-OmniCam360


Cylindrical Video Rigs: Parabolic Mirror

This technique has been around for a while. Basically one camera is precisely aimed at a specially crafted parabolic mirror. And so the mirror warps the whole horizon into the camera lens. But the sky and the ground are not captured. Since it only uses one camera, your end resolution is limited… But you don’t have to do any stitching. (Other major problems include: dust magnet, mirror surface quality, irregularly warping of image, image sharpness, and flares.)

VSN Mobil: V.360
— partial coverage: 360×60°, single camera body with 1 sensor
VSN-Mobil-V360

Pano Pro MKII
— partial coverage: 360×120°, lens for a DSLR
Pano-Pro-MKII

0-360 Panoramic Optic
— partial coverage: 360×115°, lens for a DSLR
0-360-Panoramic-Optic

Eye Mirror
— partial coverage: exact FOV unknown, lens for a DSLR
Eye-Mirror

GoPano: Plus
— partial coverage: 360×100°, lens for a DSLR
GoPano-Plus

Eye Mirror: Wet Lens
— partial coverage: exact FOV unknown, lens for a DSLR
— can go underwater (depth rating unknown)
eyemirror-wet-lens

ActionCam360
— partial coverage: 360×90°, attachment for GoPro housing
— all weather
ActionCam360

Eye Mirror: GP 360
— partial coverage: exact FOV unknown, attachment for GoPro housing
— can go underwater up to 50m or 165ft
eye-mirror-gp360

Kogeto: Joey
— partial coverage: exact FOV unknown, single camera body with 1 sensor
Kogeto-Jo

Kogeto: Lucy
— partial coverage: 360×100°, single camera body with 1 sensor
in-depth experimentation
Kogeto-Lucy

Kogeto: Dot
— partial coverage: 360×63°, attachment for iPhone
Kogeto-Dot

BubbleScope
— partial coverage: 360×62°, attachment for iPhone
BubbleScope

GoPano: Micro
— partial coverage: 360×82°, attachment for iPhone
GoPano-micro

Remote Reality: Hummingbird360
— partial coverage: 360×70°, attachment for PointGrey Flea3 or Grasshopper
Remote-Reality-Hummingbird360


360° Light Field Rigs

A 360° light field camera enables virtual views to be generated from any point, facing any direction, with any field of view. Meaning that you can experience Six Degrees of Freedom (6DoF), and you can actually lean into the shot and change your perspective. It is the holy grail of VR.

Lytro: Immerge
— coverage: exact FOV unknown, dense light field camera array
presentation by Jon Karafin (Head of Light Field Video for Lytro)
Lytro-Immerge

Interesting Research
OTOY 360 light field experiment
Axial-Cones: Modeling Spherical Catadioptric Cameras for Wide-Angle Light Field Rendering


360° Photography Rigs

There are a bunch of techniques to capture a 360° photo. But here are some photography rigs which automate or simplify the process.

Panono
— full coverage: 360×180°, single camera body with 36 sensors
Panono

NCTech: iris360
— partial coverage: 360×137.5°, single camera body with 4 sensors (with fisheye lens)
NCTech-iris360

PanoHero
— full coverage: 360×180°, 1 GoPro camera
— stereo version available
PanoHero

Squito
— coverage: exact FOV unknown, single camera body with 3 sensors
Squito

GigaPan: Epic
— motorized drive which automatically captures multi-gigapixel panoramas
GigaPan-Epic

Roundshot: VR Drive
— motorized drive which automatically captures multi-gigapixel panoramas
Roundshot-VR-Drive

BubblePod
— motorized turntable for smartphones, optional clip-on 120° lens
BubblePod

Spinner 360° / Motorizer
— 35mm still film camera for slit-scan photography
Spinner-360

Lomography: Fisheye One / Fisheye Submarine
— 35mm still film camera with built-in 170° fisheye lens (cropped fisheye image)
— can go underwater up to 20m or 65ft
lomography-fisheye-one-camera

Fisheye lens attachments for iPhone/Android
photo mode: partially cropped fisheye image
video mode: mostly cropped fisheye image (video crop amount differs between iPhone & Android)
— lenses such as: Beastgrip, CamKix, iPro, iZZi Gadgets, Mobi-Lens, Olloclip, Optrix, Photojojo, Ztylus

And then there’s this!
Guinness-2003-Worlds-Most-Useless-Invention


Fisheye Video Rigs

Shooting with a fisheye lens means that you’re capturing at least 180° and it’s being projected onto the camera sensor in a circular format. Fisheye footage can be projected directly into a dome and be instantly immersive. But it can also be easily converted into the equirectangular format (spherical).

Kodak: PIXPRO SP360 / PIXPRO SP360 4k
— PIXPRO SP360 has built-in 214° fisheye lens
— PIXPRO SP360 4k has built-in 235° fisheye lens
— can go underwater up to 60m or 197ft (with case accessory)
kodak-pixpro-sp360-4k-camera

360Fly HD / 360Fly 4k
— camera with built-in 240° fisheye lens
— 360Fly HD can go underwater up to 50m or 165ft
— 360Fly 4k can go underwater up to 10m or 33ft
360Fly-4k

Entaniya: Fisheye Lenses
— custom lenses for GoPro cameras with the Back-Bone Ribcage modification
— lenses available at 220°, 250°, 280°
Entaniya-Fisheye-Lenses-220-250-280

Dome3D: GP185
— GoPro camera with custom 185° fisheye lens
Dome3D-GP185

Tamaggo ibi
— camera with built-in 240° fisheye lens
Tamaggo-camera

Entaniya: Entapano C-01
— camera with built-in 183° fisheye lens
Entaniya-Entapano-C-01

Entaniya: Entapano2
— camera with built-in 250° fisheye lens
Entaniya-Entapano2

Digital Cinema Camera Options
— RED Scarlet with fisheye lens experiments: Paul Bourke & Home Run Pictures
— below is a slide from the presentation: “Seeking the Ideal Fulldome Camera” by Jim Arthurs – (IMERSA Summit 2013)
IMERSA2013-SeekingTheIdealFulldomeCamera-JimArthurs

Cheap but Unproven Fisheye Cameras
Eken H8 – 170° fisheye lens
AMKOV AMK-100S – 220° fisheye lens / can go underwater up to 30m or 100ft
DETU Sphere 800 – 236° fisheye lens
CUBE360 GVT100M – 190° fisheye lens / max 28fps
Sunchip Panorama XDV360 – 220° fisheye lens
HDKing V1 Pro – 220° fisheye lens
X360 camera – 190° fisheye lens


Fisheye Video Rigs: Stereoscopic

Shooting with a fisheye lens means that you’re capturing at least 180° and it’s being projected onto the camera sensor in a circular format. But if you shoot with fisheye lenses that are higher than 180°, then you will see the lens itself within the edges of the shots. There are tricks to deal with this, but it’s an interesting challenge.

IX Image: Omnipolar Camera Rig
— 3 cameras with fisheye lens
custom stitching solution to enable stereo stitching without pole region issues
— potential to create 360° video (3 cams facing up, 3 cams facing down)
IX-Image-Omnipolar-Camera-Rig

Lucid Cam
— single camera body with 2 sensors (180° fisheye lens)
prototype adapter allows for 360° stereoscopic video
Lucid-Cam

Tutorial
Building a 3D Camera: Wide-Angle Stereoscopic Video for Cinematic VR


360° Video Rigs: Less than 30fps

For VR and domes, a capture rate of at least 30 frames per seconds is an absolute requirement. Anything less and it’s simply too hard of an experience for the viewer.

ALLie
— full coverage: 360×180°, single camera body with 2 sensors (188° fisheye lens)
— 20fps
allie_camera

Ricoh: Theta m15
— full coverage: 360×180°, single camera body with 2 sensors (180° fisheye lens)
— 15fps, 5 minutes max of video recording
teardown of camera
Ricoh-Theta-m15

Point Grey: Ladybug5
— partial coverage: 360×162°, single camera body with 6 sensors
— 5fps uncompressed / 10fps compressed
— global shutter, genlocked?
in-depth experimentation
Point-Grey-Ladybug5

Point Grey: Ladybug3
— partial coverage: 360×144°, single camera body with 6 sensors
— 6.5fps uncompressed / 16fps compressed
— global shutter, genlocked?
Point-Grey-Ladybug3

Point Grey: Ladybug2
— partial coverage: 360×135°, single camera body with 6 sensors
— 15fps uncompressed / 30fps compressed
— global shutter, genlocked?
Point-Grey-Ladybug2

VideoPanoramas
— partial coverage: 360×162°, single camera body with 3 sensors
— 10 FPS at 5MP / 15 FPS at 3MP / 30 FPS at 1.3MP
VideoPanoramas


360° Video Rigs: Wild and Unique

In my research I’ve stumbled across many unique camera systems. Many of which are fascinating but are either not being used anymore, defy categorization, currently a prototype, or perhaps was a singular creation.

Immersive Media: Dodeca 2360more info
The original cube from Freedom360
Elphel Eyesis4Pi
Canon Vixia / 24 camera rig
Overview One
Panoptic Camera
FullView Camera Rig
Intel Realsense Drone
The Mill – Custom Red Dragon Camera Rig
ADAPA Trino
FascinatE’s Omnicam ARRI Alexa M Rig
IC720
Social Animal: SA9
Sensocto
IPIX Media360
Occam Omni Stereo
Panasonic Dive
Pentax Prototype
Live Capture Using Panoramic Photography with One Camera
6 GoPro Cameras with six Entaniya fisheye lenses
360 video using five Canon M cameras
Calibration of Omnidirectional Cameras in Practice
TENGO2VR Q-1 Mark II
GoPro Cylindrical Helmet Rig
360 Video Helmet Rig
Homemade Helmet Rig
Pi Of Sauron – 3D Printed, Raspberry Pi 360 Video Rig
Making VR Video with the Kodak PIXPRO SP360
Spherecam
Mobius 360
GoPro Session Rig
ADAPA: Nimbus VR
ADAPA: Pulsar VR 360 video camera rigvideo
Aposematic Jacket
Polar Effect: Philon 360 stabilized camera rig (working prototype)video
Nodal Ninja Multi-Cam Pano bracket system
3D printed Xiaomi Yi Rig
GoPro Session: 3D printed rig
Shooting 360° Video in 48K Using 12 Sony Xperia Z5 Smartphones
Nikon Multi-Ball (prototype)
Custom 3D 360 Rig using 13 Xiaomi Cameras
360 rig using six Flare 4KSDI cameras
Tripletcam
ALLie Go
Genlocked GoPro Rig – tested with fast moving footage
10 Camera Canon Vixia / RC car rig
GoPro Omni announcement
Ricoh Theta S and The Beholder gimbal rigexample footage
Handmade 360 rig using SJ400 cameras (x13)
Ammergauer Alpen: 360 video droneexample footage
Brahma 360
Genlocked 7-cam rig mounted on the Mantis by Motion Impossible
Fisheye lens rig
Quantum Leap Pro
Shuoying PDV3600
GO6D: nine new 360 cameras planned
Voke VR camera
DETU F4
Insta360 Nano – 360 camera attachment
Handmade 360VR 2D/3D Rig
Condition One Reveal ‘Bison’ Cinematic VR Camera
The Open 360 Camera Hardware Repository
Ricoh WG-M1: 360 rig
Prototype Back-Bone GoPro with sensor & fisheye lens attached via ribbon cable extension
Prototype iZugar GoPro rig with sensors & fisheye lens attached via ribbon cable extensions
Using the iPhone front and rear cameras to capture 360 video (with fisheye lenses)example footage
Yezz announces Sfera smartphone with a 360-degree camera
Android phone owners can record 360-degree VR video with NeoEye
Pictures Fabryc: Alta8 VR 360 Drone with stabilization
— Visual Effects Society: VR Post Production (includes camera discussions) – p1, p2, p3


360° Video Rigs: DIY 3D Printing

So 360° video isn’t hard enough for you? You want to 3D print your own rig too?

Purple Pill VR – 3D models for 360 mono, 360 stereo, Google Jump
Thingiverse: Cylindrical Stereo Mobius Rig /// in-depth experimentation
Thingiverse: Collection of 360 video rigs
Thingiverse: search for 360 video rigs
Shapeways: search for 360 video rigs
SJ4000 360 Rig
IncreDesigns
Cardboard 360 video rig

Custom Mounting Base for the Kodak PIXPRO SP360 4k rig
Stereoscopic 360 Mounting Base
Dual mounting base & bracket (includes USB & HDMI access port)
Dual mounting base (includes USB & HDMI access port, tripod mount)
SP360 to GoPro mount converter


Unsuccessful Kickstarter Projects

Sadly these Kickstarter projects weren’t funded since they didn’t reach their goal. But they are unique and deserve to be recognized.

Blocks Camera
— modular camera rig with 4 sensors
Blocks-Camera

Centr Cam
— partial coverage: 360×56°, single camera body with 4 sensors
Centr-Cam

Shot
— iPhone attachment with dual 235° fisheye lenses
Shot-iPhone-attachment

Occube
— full coverage: 360×180°, 6 GoPro cameras
Occube

Lensbaby Circular 180+ for GoPro camera
— GoPro housing attachment with 185° fisheye lens
— plug and play (no camera modding required)
Lensbaby-Circular-180-for-GoPro-Camera


History of 360° Film

The concept of capturing a huge panoramic perspective isn’t a new one. There are been some fascinating projects early in film history. And only now is that dream being fully realized.

Early Cylindrical Film History
Cinéorama (1900 Paris Exposition)
Lumière Photorama (1902)
Circarama (Disneyland)

Early 360° Video
Page of Omnidirectional Vision
Dynamic Surround Video
Shooting 360-degree video with four GoPro HD Hero cameras
Canon 5D Mark II fisheye rig

360Heros-HungryShark
Photo Source

41 thoughts on “Collection of 360° Video Rigs

  1. A world first from Germany is the PanoHero, a small panoramic head for the GoPro Hero 3 White – Silver – Black, Hero 3+ Silver & Black, Hero 4 Silver & Black. Create a sphere with 6 images in about one minute.
    A great product for many adventure tours with fascinating panoramas.

  2. Great post, Jason! It might be useful to some of the dome folks to add screen resolution possibilities to the cameras. For instance, some of the cameras may have full coverage and can get roughly 4K x 4K but others can’t get that many pixels.

    • Indeed, this was originally part of the plan but proved to be too difficult to find the necessary details for all the rigs. Plus I would have to update it with every new GoPro camera release…

  3. Amazing list, I hope you keep updating it for a while!
    The LucidCam now also features a 3-camera option to enable 360° 3D video.

    • Indeed I will be updating the list as new camera options become available.

      Interesting to hear! Can you email me a photo of the 3D printed mount? (as mentioned in the Indiegogo rewards.) Please no CG renders, only an actual photo with the 3 cameras installed.

  4. Thanks for all the hard work that went in to this post. I am ready to pull the trigger on a 360 rig. Can someone help me with a few a questions?

    -What is best rig for live broadcast?
    -what is best software for live broadcast
    -which streaming sites will support 360 broadcasting?

  5. Hi, thanks for the extensive list! Are all these rigs suited to stitch the video with Kolor Autopano Video?
    I am still choosing between the Freedom 360 (360×180) and the Freedom 360 Broadcaster (360×140). I will be using a tripod or attach the rig to a drone and I would like to use the rig with Vahana VR for live streaming in the near future.
    Vahana recommends the Broadcaster, but I would like to be sure if I’d be able to stitch the video from the Broadcaster rig with Kolor Autopano Video (for regular video, not live).
    I’m leaning towards the broadcaster, since it hides the tripod (who would want to see that..?).
    Any suggestions?

  6. Please remove the ‘eye-mirror’ link/camera… bunch of assholes who didn’t deliver anything after the kickstarter campaign. Lot’s of guys lost the 400 bucks it sold for , me included.

  7. Very impressive list, but I don’t find what I am looking for.
    Would any of you know of any waterproof stereoscopic rig in 360° (cylindrical or spherical) ?
    The purpose would be to shoot on board of a sailing ship, including during hard sea conditions.
    Thanks for any feedback.

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  9. It would be great to get an idea of how close each rig can capture. I have the 360 heroes Pro7 and I really want something that can film much closer, even at the expense of quality.
    Any ideas?

    • Filming 360 video at close proximity to actors is tricky business. As you probably well know, within about 10 feet parallax errors becomes a huge issue and leads to visible stitch seams. This is because each of the cameras are capturing a slightly different perspective. Analogous to holding out your hand in front of you: look at your fingertips from only your left eye; and now your right eye… Notice how each eye is seeing a different perspective? Same problem, but for 360 video.

      But what can help to alleviate this issue is to use fisheye lenses within the 360 camera rig. This increases the amount of overlap zones between what each of the cameras are capturing. So it gives you much more leeway to decide of how the footage will is stitched together, especially since there is more room to apply feathering.

      The 360 Designs Mini EYE 3 & Mini EYE 4 rigs have some of the best quality recordings and seamless stitches that I’ve seen yet. This is a fairly high end solution, though now I’m curious to do a price comparison between this rig and a 6 camera GoPro rig… Here is a very busy example of a stitch from this exact rig.

      For the next tier down, there are GoPro camera rigs which have custom fisheye lens installed. Such examples are the Freedom360 Broadcaster 3x, iZugar Z3X, iZugar Z4X

      And for the entry market tier, there are dual fisheye rigs. Although there isn’t much overlap between the capture footage, if you properly plan then you can have subject try and stay within the front of the lenses, instead of the sides where the seams will be. The upcoming Nikon KeyMission 360 looks pretty interested. But the Ricoh Theta S has pretty minimal parallax when very close to a subject, probably since the sensors are so close together (through the use of a very clever prism), though the capture resolution is limited. Also the iZugar Z2X is an option.

      Cheers!

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