The Dome Dialogues – Ethan Bach

An interview with Ethan Bach discussing some of his recent work on Morphos (Fulldome Artist in Residence), IFAA (International Fulldome Arts Alliance), and BETA – Emerging Technology Arts.

0m 5s – Intro
0m 22s – What have you been working on recently?
1m 51s – What is Morphos: Artists in Residence?
2m 22s – What inspired you to start the program?
4m 3s – What medium do the artists typically work in?
6m 12s – How did you come to work in fulldome?
9m 56s – What is vDome?
12m 27s – What is IFAA: International Fulldome Arts Alliance?
15m 50s – What is your big dream for IFAA?
20m 25s – What do you wish was possible?
25m 58s – Have you experimented with dome interactivity?
30m 16s – Fulldome business competition

Quotes from the Interview
“I’m currently working on IFAA: the International Fulldome Arts Alliance. Last year at the IX Symposium 2014 in Montreal, a bunch of us got together since we had been thinking about this for a long time. The whole idea of expanding the arts in fulldome and how do we do that. How do we get existing venues and people who have portable domes to get on board with this idea that there needs to be alternative content. So we decided that we would start the IFAA and our mission is to create an open alliance where fulldome venues and artists can come together and start interacting and planning.”

“As a video artist, I’ve always been interested in getting to the emotional experience of the viewer. Trying to help the viewer grasp something that maybe they don’t understand or challenging their views on something. I find that hitting the emotional part of the viewer is the easiest way to do that. And once you add immersive and interactive, it just takes it so much further than you could ever hope for. I’m always trying to express it in a feeling, idea, or concept.”

“The challenge that comes in for me is that we had five artists during the Morphos fulldome artist in residence program and they all have different mediums that they each focus on. And thats what I love; the need to focus on the artist staying within their own skill set. So some of them were doing live action shots or computer renders. One artist had shot fisheye photography of dolphins prior to the residency. So there was a lot of different content that we were working with. We did a weeks worth of workshops and then the artists just have to pound out the work and we provide them with support. And for this upcoming program we are adding a production assistant, so they have help in getting their work ready for a dome preview.”

Ethan Bach is the CEO of BETA – Emerging Technology Arts, which specializes in immersive and interactive digital environments, especially fulldome. He received an MFA in Electronic Arts from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in 2008 and BA in Media Production from The Evergreen State College in 1996. His expertise in immersive video art and project management builds from almost 20 years of experience.

Bach served as Principal Investigator for a Department of Defense (DOD) grant developing interactivity for fulldome and a research associate for a National Science Foundation grant developing tools and content for fulldome environments in his former position as the Digital Dome Manager at the Institute of American Indian Arts (IAIA). In just two and a half years he developed five dome courses, an artist in residence program, curated several art shows and created vDome with Charles Veasey. vDome is the world’s first software for the digital dome that runs off a single computer and allows for easy plug and play, VJing, interactive art, and gaming. vDome is currently in open source release. (Source for the bio text)

Interviews at IMERSA 2015 – Recent Challenges

The IMERSA Summit 2015 was intense, fascinating, and gave me a fresh breath of air of where fulldome is headed. Each of the presentations/panels were well prepared and technical problems were solved quickly. And the amount of attendees is just at that equilibrium where you can still meet a fair amount of people.

I ran into many people that are clearly passionate about fulldome and it was inspiring to hear their unique perspectives and experiences. So I realized that I should document a slice of these conversations with one interview question:
What challenges have you recently faced?

  • AJ Christensen – Visualization Programmer / Advanced Visualization Lab, National Center for Supercomputing App.
  • Matthew Mascheri – President & CEO / Dome3D
  • Aaron Bradbury – CG Supervisor / NSC Creative
  • Brad Thompson – Lead Animator / Spitz Inc.
  • Mike Schmitt – Digital Media Supervisor / California Academy of Sciences
  • Ron Proctor – Production Supervisor / Clark Planetarium
  • Michael Daut – Director of Show Production & Marketing / Evans & Sutherland
  • Tom Casey – Creative Director / Home Run Pictures
  • Nina Wise – Producer & Director / The Kepler Story
  • Jim Kachelries – Animator / Morehead Planetarium
  • Dominic St-Amant – Video Lead / Société des Arts Technologiques (SAT)
  • Ka Chun Yu – Curator of Space Science / Denver Museum of Nature & Science
  • Maciej Ligowski – Program Coordinator / Creative Planet
  • Ty Owen – Manager of Theater Programs / COSI Planetarium
  • Jenny Shipway – Planetarium Manager / Winchester Science Centre & Planetarium
  • Carolyn Sumners – Vice President of Astronomy and Physics / Houston Museum of Natural Science
  • Gord Harris – R&D / Christie Digital Systems

Update: May 13, 2015 – Check out this excellent video of the IMERSA Summit 2015 Highlights, which showcases clips from many of my favorite talks. It gives a really great synopsis of what the conference is all about. You can also watch the direct video recordings from the conference.

IMERSA Summit 2015: Panels


We have been asked to participate on several panels at the upcoming IMERSA Summit 2015. So I’ll be apart of the Future Immersion Panel and share some of the techniques we used to shoot 360 video while on location at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center. Planetarium director David Rabkin will be involved in two panels: Immersive Media Strategies and Challenges and New Directions in Alternative Content.

I’m also excited to announce that From Dream to Discovery: Inside NASA has been selected to be screened during IMERSA. It will be shown directly after the Future Immersion Panel, which is perfect since you’ll have just seen behind the scenes.

IMERSA Summit 2015 – Agenda

Thursday February 26, 1:30-2:30 pm
Producers’ Panel: Immersive Media Strategies and Challenges (prerendered fulldome production)
We’ve seen creative and excellent fulldome work in recent years. But we’re still at the beginning of our understanding of experiences made possible via the fulldome medium. With each new concept, we experience new challenges. So we’re early on a steep learning curve. To encourage us to keep moving along it, let’s take on several overlapping-yet-different viewpoints – educator, producer, artist, and visualizer – and explore what’s possible in the fulldome medium and ponder some of the creative and technical challenges that together we face.

Thursday February 26, 8:30-9:30 pm
Future Immersion Panel
From high-resolution camera rigs for live-action capture to innovative immersive spaces; from branded content to breakthroughs in science education programming, this session will give you a front row seat for where immersive media can go next.

Thursday February 26, 10:00 pm
Fulldome film screening – From Dream to Discovery: Inside NASA
Experience the excitement of today’s space missions as you journey from NASA’s test facilities all the way to Pluto. Immerse yourself in the adventure and extremes of spacecraft engineering – from the design of missions like the James Webb Space Telescope and New Horizons, to the rigors of testing, launch and space operations. When humans dare to dream we create truly amazing things.

Saturday February 28, 3:30 pm
New Directions in Alternative Content
Update: Watch a video recording of this talk
Since fulldome is capable of displaying essentially any content, what are some alternate uses of the medium that theaters are using now, and what are other potential uses to delight and engage future audiences

David Rabkin (Planetarium Director) & Jason Fletcher (Science Visualizer)

Interactive 360 Video – NASA Goddard Space Flight Center


A while back we visited NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center to shoot 360 video for our recently released planetarium show From Dream to Discovery: Inside NASA. So when 360Rize approached us about writing an article to look behind the scenes, we realized that we could share an interactive video where you can control the perspective.

If you’re curious to learn more about my experience in shooting 360 video while at Goddard, then be sure to check out the interview too. I share some details about why shooting 360 video for a planetarium dome requires a unique approach. You can also view the whole photo album from our trip to Goddard.

From Dream to Discovery: Inside NASA – Watch the Trailer

Experience the challenges of the next generation of space exploration in this brand-new Planetarium show. By using exciting real-life projects like NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope and the New Horizons mission to Pluto, the show highlights the extreme nature of spacecraft engineering and the life cycle of a space mission – from design and construction to the rigors of testing, launch, and operations. Blast off and take the voyage with us!


It has been a intense few months. Here are a few things we’ve accomplished:

  • Presented a planetarium workshop and teacher workshop.
  • Traveled to NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center to shoot 360 video.
  • Had NASA engineer check-in’s to approve the science.
  • Created extra educational modules that dive deeper into select topics.
  • Fulfilled the formative/summative NASA review.
  • And this week we opened the show to the public!

We’ve finished the concentric version of the show and we’re now working on a unidirectional version which will be finalized for distribution in February 2015.

NASA Show – Sneak Peek

The blog has been quiet recently because we’ve been knee deep in a show production. So here is a quick look at whats been cookin’.

We received a NASA grant to create a planetarium show about spacecraft engineering and the challenges of designing, testing, and launching! Also we wanted to feature real imagery, so we traveled to NASA Goddard and shot 360° video at their expansive test facilities.

From Dream to Discovery: Inside NASA
Available for distribution in early 2015

Glimpse Behind the Scenes

Below are some in-progress scenes from the actual fulldome show. We are currently in the polishing stage and we’re working to add the final details. I can’t wait to share more…

IPS-Macao Fulldome Festival: SELECTED!

Our show Moons: Worlds of Mystery has be selected to be a part of the competition screening during the IPS-Macao International Fulldome Festival 2014! So if you’re attending the IPS Conference, then be sure to mark your schedule.

After the festival, we have the added honor of being one of only six productions to continue screening for the public in Macao (6/21 – 7/31) and Beijing (6/28 to 7/31).

Stills From Moons: Worlds of Mystery

News: IX Symposium, Cinefex on Fulldome, 8k Research, Illustris Simulation


IX: Symposium on Immersive Creativity

In just a few days this fascinating and first-time conference will begin in Montreal and last for 5 days. Last year I saw the SAT team perform at Immersa 2013, and they were already doing come cutting edge work. So I’m curious to see how this event kicks off.

The IX Symposium will provide an open exchange platform through a series of keynotes, panels, demonstrations, performances and immersive productions. An objective of the symposium is to help democratize access to immersive spaces and to the tools and processes used for the creation of original contents. Another objective is to foster a network facilitating the creation of a community and the circulation of people, ideas, and works. This will help rethink the models of production, the formats, the delivery systems, and the creative processes needed to maintain and nurture an international platform for strong artistic expressions and open innovation.

Shortcuts: An Experimental Dance Film Competition

We are looking for videos, who look at dance through the new medium of 3-dimensional/spherical cinematography. Dance and an experimental approach should be at the center of the work. Focal point of interest should be real filmed scenes and not computer generated and/or animated film sequences.


Cinefex: Fulldome – Films in the Round

For Cinefex to write an article exclusively about fulldome, well thats a exciting sign of the times and simply cannot be ignored. It’s refreshing to read this thorough overview which speaks to the the particular nuances of fulldome production. Such as the need to be a CG generalist, slow camera movements, cross-bounce worries, and using the Oculus Rift as a dome preview tool. And I can definitely agree when I read “Everything we do ends up on the dome”. It’s true, to work under a tight timescale you must use basically use everything you render. By the time you render at 4k, you already know the edit and feeling of the show; so you’re just finalizing the visuals at that point. There is no post-production edit stage, as that instead happens during the animatic process since working at 4k is not forgiving. Truly an exciting article and perhaps now the CG community will have its eyes wide in awe.

Fulldome 8k Research – Is There Any Point?

An in-depth and well researched thought experiment into 8k production concerns. And then to push the idea further, they theorize the max possible retinal resolution in the dome. What a fascinating write-up of the many aspects which I have been curious about. Anyone in fulldome production must read this. Although I’m not quite sure how to hybridize the display resolution research of Paul Bourke into this article.

An Initial Look at the Oculus Rift HD for Fulldome Previewing

The Oculus Rift is starting to become an interesting way to preview fulldome dailies and watch shows when you don’t have immediate access to a dome. Aaron had early access to an HD prototype and has figured out the best domemaster input for the optimal experience.


Illustris: New Universe Simulation
Just one week ago, the Illustris simulation was announced to the world and the dataset has been opened up to outsiders. The simulation is simply stunning, as it is able to simulate the galaxies themselves moving within the cosmic web. Around 1 minute in the video is where the gas temperatures begins to cascade and I’ve never seen anything like it. A cosmic scale timelapse. And I expect we will see on dome sometime soon… Now freely available as 4k and 8k domemasters through the ESO. Oculus Rift stereo render also available (bottom of the page).

Planetary – Documentary Trailer
While not created for fulldome, how can I ignore such a beautiful film which speaks directly to something so close to my heart? It is this exact caliber of work that I wish to see in the dome. A expression of the shared struggle to explore the science collectively and combine it with the important but often ignored emotions of our daily struggles in these wild times.

“Planetary is a feature length documentary that expands on the mind-blowing perspective shared by astronauts and indigenous elders alike — that each and every one of us is inseparable from each other, the planet and the universe as a whole, a realisation that is both humbling and comforting. If more of us start to experience the simple truth of our interdependence and connection, we believe there is hope for the next stage in our human journey. Planetary is meant to inspire awe and wonder by seeing things as they are, placing our individual stories in the context of the larger planetary / cosmic story.”

Crossing Worlds – Fulldome Short Film
A visual tone poem designed for the emerging fulldome planetarium format, Crossing Worlds utilizes spherical photography from the American desert west to immerse the viewer in a transcendent spectrum of austere landscapes. “Crossing Worlds served to remind audiences of how extraordinary our home planet is. It was the perfect complement to the data-driven visualizations of global changes, deepening appreciation for the critical importance of the natural world for sustaining us emotionally as well as physically” said David McConville, co-founder of The Elumenati.

Fiske Fulldome Basics
It’s difficult to explain to the public the resolutions which modern fulldome can achieve. For instance, when most people hear of 4k they think of the TV standard. So it can be tricky to explain the public that 4k refers to something different in the fulldome standard. This video is a wonderful and simple explanation of the differences between 1080 broadcast television to 8k fulldome.

Waiting Far Away – Fulldome Short

An explorer of the cosmos has traveled too far… And can’t find home.
Follow in the footsteps of a cosmic traveler as he shares a wild story. Find out what grand mysteries he has uncovered while journeying deep into intergalactic space, searching…

In the creative process of producing planetarium shows, we often come across imagery that is stunning but doesn’t work in the context of a science show. And so our collection of fulldome astronomy art animations has matured into a hybrid form of storytelling where we mix imagination with real data.

What particularly excites us about backburner short projects, is that we produce them quickly. It’s refreshing to just have a clear vision and then immediately crank it out. In the future we plan to continue creating fulldome shorts. Our next short will have a bleeding edge science topic to focus on. But we have other ideas for experiences in outer space that don’t fit your typical science show. More to come!

Domemasters Freely Available

  • Available for planetarium use. Please contact me to obtain a download link.
  • 4k domemaster frames, 30fps, 5.1 surround & stereo audio
  • 2k MOV or MP4
  • 1k MOV or MP4

Terms: permission to freely screen to the public in planetariums as you see fit. You must screen the short in full and unedited. Not to be used in other shows without permission.


Wish to translate and record the narration into a language that better suits your audience? Let me know and I can share the music-only mix with you.

Languages Available
— Czech
— English
— Farsi
— French
— German
— Korean
— Portuguese
— Russian
— Spanish (Castilian)
— Telugu

Translations In Progress
— Afrikaans
— Arabic
— Armenian
— Chinese
— Dutch
— Greek
— Gujarati
— Hawaiian
— Hebrew
— Hindi
— Hungarian
— Italian
— Japanese
— Nepali
— Polish
— Romanian
— Slovak
— Spanish (Latin American)
— Turkish
— Uzbek


Conferences & Festivals
— Melbourne International Film Festival 2016 (Melbourne, Australia)
— Buenos Aires Independent Film Festival 2016 (Buenos Aires, Argentina)
— SIGGRAPH 2015: VR Village Dome (Los Angeles, CA)
— Geneva International Film Festival / Festival Tous Écrans 2015 (Geneva, Switzerland)
— Jena Fulldome Festival 2014 (Jena, Germany)
— European Symposium of Planetariums 2014 (Lucerne, Switzerland)
— Further Fest 2017 (Nashville, TN)
— Bauhaus Exhibition 2017, Bauhaus University Weimar (Weimar, Germany)
— HUBweek 2017, Swissnex Dome (Boston, MA)

International Planetariums
— Macao Science Center Planetarium (Macao, China)
— Planetarium Wolfsburg (Wolfsburg, Germany)
— Sri Sathya Sai Space Theatre (Puttaparthi, India)
— Baikonur Planetarium (Poland)
— Il Planetario (Bologna, Italy)
— Orbit Night Sky Planetarium (Kolkata, India)
— Roi-Et Planetarium, Science and Cultural Center for Education (Phitsanulok, Thailand)
— Dome Club (Birmingham, UK)
— Planetarium Toruń (Torun, Poland)
— Astropokaz Planetarium (Poland)
— Fireball Planetarium (Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada)
— Planetario Digital Carl Sagan (Parana, Argentina)
— Tusi-Bohm Planetarium (Baku, Azerbaijan)
— Quasar Planetarium (Olkusz, Poland)
— Planetarium and Observatory of Cà del Monte (Cecima, Italy)
— Grupo Astronomico Silos (Zaragoza, Spain)
— The Heavens of Copernicus Planetarium, Copernicus Science Centre (Warsaw, Poland)
— Portable Planetarium (India)
— Portable Planetarium (France)
— Cosmos Planetarium (Scotland)
— Planetarium RCRE (Opole, Poland)
— Museum of Paleontology Egidio Feruglio, Portable Planetarium (Trelew, Argentina)
— Planetario de Bogotá (Bogotá, Colombia)
— Eugenides Planetarium (Athens, Greece)
— Portable Planetarium (Natal, Brazil)
— Portable Planetarium (Brazil)
— Portable Planetarium (Bolivia, South America)
— Sternwarte und Planetarium der Stadt Radebeul (Radebeul, Germany)
— Portable Planetarium (India)
— Portable Planetarium (Brazil)
— Portable Planetarium (Sussex, England)
— Portable Planetarium (Russia)
— Planetarium de Bretagne (Pleumeur-Bodou, France)
— Illusion Planetarium (Tyumen, Russia)
— Strasbourg Planetarium, Université de Strasbourg (Strasbourg, France)
— Astronomy Club of Feira de Santana, Antares Observatory (Bahia, Brazil)
— Portable Planetarium (Poland, Katowice)
— Planetarium of Nantes (Nantes, France)
— Planetarium Hamburg (Hamburg, Germany)
— Portable Planetarium (Matera, Italy)
— Immersive Vision Theatre, Plymouth University (Plymouth, UK)
— Portable Planetarium (Valencia, Spain)
— Digital Mobile Planetarium Wenu Mapu (Rio Negro, Argentina)
— Planetarium Sultan Iskandar (Sarawak, Malaysia)
— ESO Supernova planetarium (Garching, Germany)
— Planetarium Minikosmos (Lichtenstein, Germany)
— Planetarium Man (Northampton, UK)
— Guru Graha Planetarium (Andhra Pradesh, India)
— Zeiss-Planetarium Jena (Jena, Germany)
— Techmania Science Center, Planetarium (Pilsen, Czech Republic)
— Planetarium Photon (Nizhny Tagil, Russia)
— Hvězdárna a Planetárium Brno (Brno, Czech Republic)
— Metaspace Planetarium (Seoul, Korea)
— Portable Planetarium (Cape Town, South Africa)
— Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Portable Planetarium (Heidelberg, Germany)
— Portable Planetarium (Vic-la-Gardiole, France)
— Planetarium of Occhiobello (Santa Maria Maddalena, Italy)
— Portable Planetarium (Saskatoon, Canada)
— Planetarium Espacio 0.42 (Huesca, Spain)
— Banff National Park, Portable Planetarium (Banff, Canada)
— Portable Planetarium (Vietnam)
— Herne Observatory (Herne, Germany)
— Planetario da UFSC, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (Florianópolis, Brazil)
— DomeEKB Portable Planetarium (Ekaterinburg, Russia)
— Universo Ludico (Bogota, Colombia)
— GEMS American Academy, Planetarium (Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates)
— ARK Dome (Geneva, Switzerland)
— Portable Planetarium (Pretoria, South Africa)
— Portable Planetarium (Krasnoyarsk, Siberia)
— Portable Planetarium (Karnataka, India)
— Portable Planetarium (Mexico)
— Portable Planetarium (Moscow, Russia)
— Portable Planetarium (Guatemala City, Guatemala)
— Portable Planetarium (Kenya, Africa)
— Anápolis Planetarium (Anápolis, Brazil)
— Stuttgart Planetarium (Stuttgart, Germany)
— Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Planetarium (Mashhad, Iran)
— The Adelaide Planetarium, University of South Australia (Adelaide, South Australia)
— StratoSphere Domes (Eastbourne, England)
— Cosmodrome (Gank, Belgium)
— EGPlanetarium (Italy)
— Ufa Planetarium (Ufa, Russia)
— Valentina Tereshkova Planetarium (Yaroslavl, Russia)
— Portable Planetarium (Novosibirsk, Russia)
— Mobilní Planetárium (Prague, Czech Republic)
— Zeiss Planetarium Drebach (Drebach, Germany)
— Portable Planetarium (Zhoushan, China)
— Scitech Planetarium, Scitech Discovery Centre (West Perth, Australia)
— Esfera Espacial Planetarium (Chiapas, Mexico)
— Portable Planetarium (Marbela, Spain)
— Nicolaus Copernicus Planetarium (Nürnberg, Germany)
— Gwacheon National Science Museum (Gwacheon, South Korea)
— Utazó Planetárium (Budapest, Hungary)
— Edudomo Planetarium (Veracruz, Mexico)
— Il Planetario di Nemesis (Italy)
— Planetarium Mobilne Grawiton (Warsaw, Poland)
— Interactive Science Museum, Newton Park (Krasnoyarsk, Russia)
— Zhejiang Science and Technology Museum, Planetarium (Hangzhou, China)
— Portable Planetarium (Czech Republic)
— Kiev Planetarium (Kiev, Ukraine)
— Wellington Museum (Wellington, New Zealand)
— NEST Dome (Québec, Canada)
— Interactive Museum of Xalapa, Planetarium (Veracruz, Mexico)
— SAO64 Dome (Hendaye, France)
— Immersive-Me Dome (London, UK)
— Orion Education Planetarium (Bangalore, India)
— The Soluis Group, Upright Portable Dome (London, UK)
— Planetario de Lima (Chorrillos, Peru)
— EyeDome Cinema (Yerevan, Armenia)
— İstek Vakfı Belde Okulları, Planetarium (Istanbul, Turkey)
— Portable Planetarium (Nellore, India)
— Astronomical Society of Mexico (Baja California, Mexico)
— Skyward Planetarium (Tamil Nadu, India)
— Planetário Digital Mauro de Souza Lima (Garanhuns, Brazil)
— Çağ University, Space Observation & Research Center (Mersin, Turkey)
— Baku Talent School, Planetarium (Baku, Azerbaijan)
— Coats Observatory, Planetarium (Paisley, Scotland)
— Planet Crete (Crete, Greece)
— Tashkent Planetarium (Tashkent, Uzbekistan)
— Portable Planetarium (Athens, Greece)
— Planetario Malargüe (Mendoza, Argentina)
— Pokhara Planetarium and Science Centre (Pokhara, Nepal)
— JC Cinesferic (Madrid, Spain)
— Scientific Club Dome (Doha, Qatar)
— Planetarium Royal Observatory of Belgium (Brussels, Belgium)
— Portable Planetarium (Loja, Ecuador)
— Portable Planetarium (Huelva, Spain)
— Pro Planetario Movel (Curitiba, Brazil)
— Gyeongsangnamdo Institute of Science Education (Jinseong-myeon, South Korea)
— Gwangju Education and Science Research Institute (Ullim-dong, South Korea)
— Societatea Astronomica Andromeda – Astroclub Cluj Napoca (Cluj-Napoca, Romania)
— Sternwarte-Schaffhausen Planetarium (Sternwarte Schaffhausen, Switzerland)
— Santa Catarina State University (Florianópolis, Brazil)
— University of the Free State – Naval Hill Planetarium at the Centre for Earth & Space (Bloemfontein, South Africa)
— Stardome (Matane, Canada)
— Portable Planetarium (Japan)
— Leo Planetaria Astronomy Education (Janakpuri, India)
— HongDaeyong Science Museum, Planetarium (Jangsan-ri, South Korea)
— AL-Ma’arifa Foundation For Culture (Baghdad, Iraq)
— Portable Planetarium (France)
— Urânia Planetário Móvel (Santa Catarina, Brazil)
— SARL Unevisiteduciel (Mérignac, France)
— Portable Planetarium (Popayán, Colombia)
— imseCAVE, University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
— Havayeda Science Center, Portable Planetarium (Bat Yam, Israel)
— Santa Maria Federal University, Planetarium (Santa Maria, Brazil)
— Mark Rutherford School, Portable Planetarium (Bedford, UK)
— Portable Planetarium (Buenos Aires, Argentina)
— Planetário Divino Mestre (Jaboatão dos Guararapes, Brazil)
— Portable Planetarium (Madrid, Spain)
— Portable Planetarium (Senec, Slovakia)
— China Science and Technology Museum (Beijing, China)
— Museo El Rehilete, Planetario (Pachuca, Mexico)
— Planetario de Santiago, Universidad de Santiago de Chile (Santiago, Chile)
— Portable Planetarium (Switzerland)
— Brasilia Planetarium (Brasília, Brazil)
— Planetário Divino Mestre (Jaboatão dos Guararapes, Brazil)
— Portable Planetarium, Association Proscience, Te turu ‘ihi (Papeete, French Polynesia)
— Portable Planetarium (Dubai, United Arab Emirates)
— Sheikh Abdullah Al Salem Cultural Centre, Planetarium (Kuwait City, Kuwait)
— Surat Science Centre, Planetarium (Surat, India)
— Museo Laberinto de las Ciencia y las Artes, Planetarium (San Luis Potosi, Mexico)
— Dinsha Patel Planetarium (Nadiad, India)
— Portable Planetarium (Argentina)
— Rapanui Planetarium (Easter Island, Chile)
— İzmir Planetaryum (İzmir, Turkey)
— SI-NE Portable Planetarium (Itagüí, Colombia)
— Portable Planetarium (Moscow, Russia)

USA Planetariums
— Museum of Science, Charles Hayden Planetarium (Boston, MA)
— East Village Planetarium, The Girls Club (New York, NY)
— Hokulani Imaginarium, Windward Community College (Kaneohe, Hawaii)
— Daniel M. Soref Planetarium, Milwaukee Public Museum (Milwaukee, WI)
— Dr. Sandra F. Pritchard Mather Planetarium, West Chester University (West Chester, PA)
— University of Alaska Anchorage Planetarium (Anchorage, Alaska)
— Ward Beecher Planetarium, Youngstown State University (Youngstown, OH)
— Boonshoft Museum of Discovery Planetarium (Dayton, OH)
— Acheson Planetarium, Cranbrook Institute of Science (Bloomfield Hills, MI)
— Neag Planetarium, Reading Public Museum (Reading, PA)
— Longway Planetarium, Sloan Museum (Flint, MI)
— University of Texas at Arlington Planetarium (Arlington, TX)
— Rollins Planetarium, Young Harris College (Young Harris, GA)
— Wausau School District Planetarium (Wausau, WI)
— Sudekum Planetarium, Adventure Science Center (Nashville, TN)
— Raritan Valley Community College Planetarium (Somerville, NJ)
— Delta College Planetarium (Bay City, MI)
— Buhl Planetarium, Carnegie Science Center (Pittsburgh, PA)
— Maynard F. Jordan Planetarium, The University of Maine (Orono, ME)
— Obscura Digital (San Francisco, CA)
— Peoria Riverfront Museum, Planetarium (Peoria, IL)
— Glastonbury Planetarium (Glastonbury, CT)
— Edelman Planetarium, Rowan University (Glassboro, NJ)
— Harlan Rowe Middle School Planetarium (Athens, PA)
— Hallstrom Planetarium, Indian River State College (Fort Pierce, FL)
— Starlab Portable Planetarium (Massillon, OH)
— Charles W. Brown Planetarium, Ball State University (Muncie, IN)
— Flandrau Science Center & Planetarium, The University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ)
— Dreyfuss Planetarium, Newark Museum (Newark, NJ)
— Clark Planetarium (Salt Lake City, UT)
— Downing Planetarium, Fresno State (Fresno, CA)
— Gates Planetarium, Denver Museum of Nature and Science (Denver, CO)
— Ask Jeeves Planetarium, Chabot Space & Science Center (Oakland, CA)
— Truman State University Planetarium (Kirksville, MO)
— SUNY Oneonta Planetarium (Oneonta, NY)
— Portable Planetarium (Antioch, CA)
— Arthur Storer Planetarium (Prince Frederick, MD)
— Adler Planetarium (Chicago, IL)
— York Learning Center Planetarium, York County Astronomical Society (North York, PA)
— COSI Planetarium (Columbus, OH)
— FLHS Planetarium (Fair Lawn, NJ)
— Austin Mobile Planetarium (Austin, TX)
— Argus IMRA Planetarium (Ann Arbor, MI)
— Anchorage Museum, Planetarium (Anchorage, AK)
— Calusa Nature Center & Planetarium (Fort Myers, FL)
— Northside ISD Planetarium (San Antonio, TX)
— SMSU Planetarium (Marshall, MN)
— Roberson Museum and Science Center (Binghamton, NY)
— West Virginia University Planetarium (Morgantown, WV)
— University of Michigan, Museum of Natural History, Planetarium (Ann Arbor, MI)
— The Children’s Museum (West Hartford, CT)
— Fort Lupton High School, Planetarium (Fort Lupton, CO)
— The Christa McAuliffe Center, FSU Planetarium (Framingham, MA)
— Williamsville Space Lab Planetarium (Williamsville, NY)
— Christenberry Planetarium (Birmingham, AL)
— Fort Collins Museum of Discovery, Planetarium (Fort Collins, CO)
— Chabot College Planetarium (Hayward, CA)
— Science Museum of Virginia, Planetarium (Richmond, VA)
— IAIA: Institute of American Indian Arts, Digital Dome (Santa Fe, NM)
— Chapel of Sacred Mirrors [CoSM], Dome (Wappingers Falls, New York)
— Eastern Michigan University, Planetarium (Ypsilanti, MI)
— Los Alamos Nature Center, Planetarium (Los Alamos, NM)
— New Mexico Museum of Space History, Tombaugh Planetarium (Alamogordo, NM)
— Manheim Township Planetarium (Lancaster, PA)
— Illinois State University Planetarium (Normal, IL)
— Planetarium at the College of Southern Nevada (Henderson, NV)
— Gheens Science Hall & Rauch Planetarium, University of Louisville (Louisville, KY)
— North Museum of Nature and Science, Planetarium (Lancaster, PA)
— SciTech Museum, Planetarium (Aurora, IL)
— Hatter Planetarium, Gettysburg College (Gettysburg, PA)
— John Glenn High School Planetarium (Westland, MI)
— Kalamazoo Valley Museum, Planetarium (Kalamazoo, MI)
— Collier County Public Schools, Portable Planetarium (Naples, FL)
— The College of Southern Nevada, Planetarium (Las Vegas, NV)
— Portable Planetarium (Centennial, CO)
— Northwest College Planetarium (Powell, WY)
— Andrews Independent School District (Andrews, TX)
— Wynwood Dome (Miami, FL)
— Portable Planetarium (Los Angeles, CA)
— Coca-Cola Space Science Center, Omnisphere Theater, Columbus State University (Columbus, GA)
— James E. Richmond Science Center, Planetarium (Waldorf, MD)
— Fairbanks Museum & Planetarium (St Johnsbury, VT)
— Fort Worth Museum of Science and History, Noble Planetarium (Fort Worth, TX)
— Mesquite ISD Planetarium (Mesquite, TX)
— Amber Dust Dome, Burning Man (Black Rock City, NV)
— Portable Planetarium (New York)
— Fredonia Observatory, State University of New York at Fredonia (Fredonia, NY)
— Portable Planetarium (Indianola, IA)
— Wisdome (Los Angeles, CA)
— Jim and Linda Lee Planetarium, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University (Prescott, AZ)
— Desert Dwellers & Datagrama performance, Science Museum of Virginia, Planetarium (Richmond, VA)

— ESO Fulldome Archive
— Sky-Skan
— Spitz: Scidome Network
— ZEISS Powerdomes
— Digitalis Education Solutions
— Fulldome Film Society
— Dome Club (UK)
— British Fulldome Institute
— EnterIdeas
— Emerald Digital Planetariums
— Loch Ness Productions
— LSS Planetariums Open Project
— Metaspace
— E&S Digistar Cloud Library
— Adventure Domes
— Altair Digital
— Kosmos Scientific de México
— Beijing Taihe Legend Film

Visuals by Wade Sylvester & Jason Fletcher – Music & Narration by Wade Sylvester
Charles Hayden Planetarium, Museum of Science. Copyright 2014. All Rights Reserved.


Fulldome Interviews: Shane Mecklenburger – Art/Science Course at OSU


Teaching 3D animation is no simple task. Especially if the center of interest is astronomy and fulldome! So in September 2013, I was asked to teach my astronomy visualization techniques as a visiting artist at OSU.

Shane Mecklenburger is the 3D animation professor of a class called “The End & the Beginning of Everything”, which received a Battelle Endowment. Participating OSU astronomers and astrophysicists paired with the animation students to create a dialogue and help inspire their artwork.

It’s interesting to note that Shane wanted to be careful to not focus on purely data visualization. Instead he wanted the students to use the techniques to make their own artwork inspired by real astronomy and astrophysics research. This allowed the students the creative freedom to go in any direction, with the foundation of astronomy to work from. Since I’ve spent every working day for years creating outer space imagery, it was a natural fit to give a few technical workshops.

The work of the students will be exhibited at the Adler Planetarium in Chicago sometime in 2014 or 2015. They have also been experimenting with fisheye rendering and viewing them in the OSU Smith Laboratory Planetarium, which was recently refurbished with a 2.6k projection system.

In the first workshop we covered star fields, galaxy fields, and close-up fluid suns. Then in the second workshop we covered 3D nebulae, hall of mirrors, and DomeAFL installation. It was a wonderful experience to share my techniques with students and see them learn so quickly.

Class Description

The End & the Beginning of Everything is a collaborative art-science initiative between the OSU Departments of Art and Astronomy, the University of Chicago Department of Astrophysics, Chicago’s Adler Planetarium and the Advanced Computing Center for the Arts and Design (ACCAD). Accelerating technologies are amplifying astronomers’ ability to model and observe, expanding our understanding of life and the universe. This initiative guides young artists in creatively interpreting astronomical research for a public contemporary art exhibition.


Interview with Shane Mecklenburger:
3D Animation Professor at OSU

Over the years, I’ve noticed a gradual increase in the offerings of college classes that focus on astronomy art or fulldome. So I’d like to interview Shane and hear his thoughts about this experience.

Can you share a little about yourself as an artist and teacher?
Lately my projects are exploring exchange and simulation. I’m also interested in the origins and effects of science and technology, which are often tangled up with real or imagined conflict. I teach courses on cross-disciplinary collaboration and new media art in the Art & Technology area in the Department of Art at The Ohio State University. One of my courses is Experimental 3D Animation, and another is called ArtGames, which is about using games as a format for making artwork. Also, this semester I’m teaching a new graduate level seminar I developed called APPROACHING SYSTEMS.

What inspired you to create a class combining 3D animation and astronomy?
I was working on a project called The End & The Beginning of Everything, where I’m collaborating with astronomers who make simulations of supernova explosions. It occurred to me this would be fun to do with my Experimental 3D Animation class, so I wrote a grant to connect them with astronomers at OSU to make artworks based on their research.

You mentioned to me that visualizing orbiting planets was a default starting point for the students. Once you were able to break the students of that, how have their perspectives changed in terms of what to visualization? Was there a tipping point?
I guess the tipping point was when I banned spheres from their animations! I did it after the first project, as a challenge to get them thinking in more abstract ways. The point of the course is to make video artworks that aren’t simply science visualizations. So the course is meant to develop the non-literal, symbolic dimension of students’ art making abilities while learning about astronomy.

Do you think this class has changed how the students perceive astronomy?
I suspect it might have, to differing degrees depending on the student. It’s hard not to come away with a new perspective after spending time at an actual astronomy research facility, talking to astronomers, and coming to understand the phenomena and theories they’re researching. I know it happened for me.

What has been challenging in teaching this class?
Just about everything! Many of the students had no experience with 3D animation and we were working with very advanced animation techniques like dynamics and fluid simulations. We were also making sound tracks, and using a render farm to produce fulldome masters, so the technical hurdles were extreme, and I was learning most of the fulldome techniques myself on the fly. Dealing with these kinds of problems are what make teaching fun for me, and I hope they also demonstrate for students how complicated and unpredictable this kind of work can be.

What do you hope the students will take from the course?
Three things: First, I hope they come away with artwork they’re proud of. I also hope students emerge with a better sense of their own unique creative approach, style and voice. Finally, I hope they come away with a sense of the special challenges and importance of cross-disciplinary collaboration.

Do you think a fulldome specific class at OSU has merit?
Absolutely. As a pilot/test, I feel this course has demonstrated that, while there are still technical challenges to sort out, the interest is there from both students and faculty.

Student Artworks